No one can deny the importance of plants, not only for us as humans but to our planet as well. And yet, there has been an obvious decline in young adults seeking out degrees in horticulture. Likewise, the horticulture departments at major college campuses are disappearing due to lack of participation. This has created an interesting paradox. As more millennials are becoming environmentally-conscious while also seeking a solid career path, why not kill two birds with one stone? Few of these students realize the numerous career paths available to those with a degree in horticulture. Here we take a brief look at what is horticulture, all the different career paths a person with a horticulture degree could pursue and how more horticulturalists could save the world.
What is Horticulture?
Horticulture can be defined as the practice of cultivating fruits, vegetables, flowers or plants for beauty or utility. Truly, it is part art and part science. Horticulture encompasses the process of planting the seeds into the earth, ensuring the soil provides the nutrients that the seed needs while watering, sheltering and nourishing it as it grows into a plant. When successful, the seed grows into a plant and will reproduce in some fashion whether, fruiting, flowering or producing clones. The plant’s offspring can then be used in numerous different ways depending on the industry. What is interesting is how far horticulture can reach within different aspects of society across cultures.
There are five main branches of horticulture:
- Floriculture- production/marketing of flowers
- Landscape- production, marketing and maintenance of landscape plants
- Olericulture- production/marketing of vegetables
- Pomology- production/marketing of fruits
- Postharvest Physiology- Expertise in how to prevent produce from prematurely spoiling.
Horticulture does not only impact the food industry. The pharmaceutical, landscape, lumber, floral, and clothing industries are just a few of the industries that fall under the umbrella of horticulture’s influence.
How Horticulturalists Save the World
“If you want to save the planet, one of the best ways to do it is through horticulture,” said Angus Murphy, Chair of the Department of Plant Science and Landscape Architecture at the University of Maryland at College Park. What did he mean by that? Plants help re-oxygenate the planet and can have dramatically positive effects on the environment. For example, if an area is prone to flooding because of rainfall. You can plant a tree in that location. The roots will absorb the excess water like a sponge, while the leaves will act like little umbrellas. Not to mention, when you facilitate the growth of plants, you are literally helping to generate life which is a pretty commendable and amazing thing.
In an effort to bring much-needed attention to the field of horticulture, organizations are sprouting up and using social media campaigns to attract youth participation and also bridge the gaps between horticulture and “cooler” industries. The younger the people are that get interested in horticulture, the sooner they can begin forming their career goals around horticulture with a sense of clarity and purpose.
What are Some of the Career Possibilities?
- Arboretum Director/Associate
- Botanical Gardens Manager/Grounds Associate
- Business Owner
- Community Garden Planner
- Extension Educator
- Farmer of Specialty Vegetables/Fruits
- Floral Designer
- Greenhouse Manager
- Garden Manager
- Garden Center Operations, Sales, Maintenance, Landscaping
- Golf Course Superintendent
- Horticulture Therapist
- Horticulture Marketing/Sales Manager
- Landscape Design
- Lawn Maintenance Foreman/Technician
- Master Gardener/Landscaper
- Plant Biologist
- Plant Breeder
- Produce Retail Team Member
- Research Scientist
- Urban Garden Manager
According to a study conducted by the United States Department of Agriculture in 2015, nearly 58,000 jobs become available each year in agriculture-related fields but only 61% of those jobs are filled by qualified candidates. With so many students entering college and graduating college, horticulture could provide a viable avenue to make it inside the industry of their choice.
Cityscapes has consistent openings in the horticulture departments with training provided. For more information, check out our careers page.
There is something inherently rewarding about growing and attending plants, even on a minimal scale. It is nurturing and gratifying in it’s own completely unique way. You get your hands dirty and you help produce something. You help life, you help the planet and you help yourself at the same time.
Artists, designers and environmental visionaries have all been known to use plants as functional, beautiful pieces of art. As more people become aware of biophilia, the beneficial relationship between humans and plants, there’s an increasing awareness of and appreciation for these amazing installations. Here are five fascinating “living art” destinations across America and Canada.
University of New England’s “Breathing Wall”
At the University of New England in Biddeford, Maine, students enjoy walking by and gazing upon a magnificent living wall that measures over 400 square feet and contains more than 960 plants. This thriving living art not only helps to purify the air but also provides a calming, stress-reducing focal point. Nicknamed the “Breathing Wall”, the installation features five different varieties of tropical shrubs and is enjoyed by teachers, professors and visitors alike.
Chicago’s Rooftop Wheat Prairie
Rooftop gardens usually feature small trees, flowers, or even vegetables. But one Chicago architecture and urban design firm took rooftop gardening to a new level: Studio Gang worked with a team of local designers to install and maintain an entire wheat field on their rooftop. The massive project, covering almost 5,000 square feet, featured winter wheat, wildflowers, shrubs, and trees. This mini-prairie became a thriving ecosystem that successfully produced a staple crop: students and volunteers harvested more than 60 pounds of wheat, and the grain was taken to a local mill where it was ground into high-grade pastry flour. This rooftop green space is not just functional, but beautiful, too. Known as “The Treehouse”, the rooftop is also one of Chicago’s most popular event spaces.
Eco-sculptures of Burnaby
Every summer in British Columbia, residents of Burnaby are treated to the sight of ‘eco-sculptures‘, a living art fusion composed of metal framework, soil, and plants. The sculptures are placed around the city in public parks and other community areas, and they represent animals from the local area and around the world. Horses prance at Deer Lake Park and bears lumber at the base of Burnaby Mountain. Locals love their signature sculptures, and they play an active role in building them. Horticulturists and designers create the metal structures that form the basis for each sculpture, and then stuff them with soil and cover them with landscape fabric. Then, everyone pitches in to insert various plants according to the artist’s directions. The result is a beautifully growing piece of living art. The
Frederik Meijer Gardens and Sculpture Park
This 158-acre botanical garden located in Madison, Wisconsin, features themed indoor and outdoor gardens, a tropical conservatory, sculpture gardens… and an incredibly large and diverse collection of carnivorous plants! The Kenneth E. Nelson Carnivorous Plant House features the ever-popular Venus Flytraps, along with pitcher plants, sundews, butterworts and other meat-eating plants from around the world. While eating lunch or sipping coffee, visitors can also enjoy a living plant wall in the garden cafe. The vertical structure was recently installed in 2017 and continues to delight guests today.
A Giant Living Bouquet in New York City
Imagine driving the bustling streets of New York, and then coming face to face with a 40-foot long, eight-foot-tall giant flowering bouquet! That’s exactly what New Yorkers saw this spring thanks to the “Broadway Bouquet” installation created by a local landscape design firm. Instead of the ubiquitous cut flowers that make up a typical bouquet, this living bouquet was composed of small trees and flowering shrubs. The temporary bouquet was created as part of the NYC/DOT Car Free Earth Day event on April 21 and illustrated the boundless possibilities of living space that would normally be taken up by a stream of traffic and cars.
These magnificent gardens, living art installations, and thriving sculptures are just a few examples of biophilia at work. Whether you live nearby or are just passing through, make sure to visit and experience these wonders for yourself.
Biophilic design still carries the assumption of a quirky or artistic architectural experiment. But growing scientific evidence clearly states the various benefits of incorporating biophilic elements, proving that this trend of today will soon become the norm of tomorrow. As described by Executive Producer Stephen Kellert from the movie “Biophilic Design: The Architecture of Life”:
“Biophilic Design is an innovative way of designing the places where we live, work, and learn. We need nature in a deep and fundamental fashion, but we have often designed our cities and suburbs in ways that both degrade the environment and alienate us from nature.”
The best place to appreciate biophilic design is in Europe’s architectural landscape, where natural elements can be found even in ancient structures built centuries ago. In addition, with growing consciousness concerning the environment, holistic living and employee rights, significant building regulations have been set in place. Keeping that in mind, modern architects are designing some of the finest examples of biophilic buildings, each project displaying unique workmanship and exquisite beauty.
1. Selgas Cano, Spain
Located in Madrid, the Spanish architecture firm Selgas Cano designed its office in the form of an aerodynamic tube, encompassing its employees with magnificent views of the beautiful forest around them.
The curving fiberglass glass wall gives the building a streamlined look and allows for natural light to enter the space. Desks lined along the wall allow employees to be level with the forest floor, while spherical lanterns light up workspaces at night. Half of the structure is submerged in the earth, which creates a natural system of insulation. This comes in handy especially during the hot summers, when the building keeps cool with no need for air conditioning.
2. Tree House Hotel, Sweden
The Tree House Hotel, also known as the Mirror Cube, is a series of tree hotels providing a one-of-a-kind experience for guests. Located close to the village of Harads, the hotel is unique for its proximity to the Arctic Circle. The brainchild of designers Tham & Videgård Arkitekter, the structure is a 4 X 4 X 4 lightweight design made of aluminum and mirrored glass. Hanging from a tree trunk, the hotel is accessed via a rope bridge connected to the next tree.
The entire structure is camouflaged by the exterior facade which reflects the surrounding forest canopy. In addition, the glass panes are laminated with a certain bandwidth of ultraviolet color. This prevents birds from colliding with the glass. The interior is made of plywood and can accommodate two guests.
3. Bosco Verticale, Italy
One of the most ambitious biophilic projects in Europe can be found in Milan. Meaning “Vertical Forest”, Bosco Verticale is an impressive solution by Italian architect Stefano Boeri to tackle the city’s air pollution. According to statistics, Milan is one of the most polluted cities in Europe.
Residential high-rises host a diverse range of flora including shrubs, small plants, and large trees. For example, the Porta Nuova Isola district has over 500 medium and large trees, 300 small trees, 5,000 shrubs and 11,000 plants. These plants have the ability to convert 44,000 pounds of carbon dioxide into oxygen on an annual basis. The trees also act a screen for dust particles, a noise filter, as well as a natural coolant. Aerial arborists regularly groom the vegetation, as well as examine the trees to ensure they are secure at heights of 400 feet high.
4. Bayerischer Hof Hotel, Germany
Designed by Jouin Manku Studio, the Bayerischer Hof Hotel in Munich exudes sophistication and class. The use of natural elements, forms, textures, and colors ensures that the hotel serves as a retreat for guests. One major highlight of the hotel is its lounge.
While soft green textures make up the walls, the flooring of the lounge is a smooth alternation between textures like carpeting, stone, and wood. The booths in the restaurant feature backlit panels carved to imitate the mountainous terrain of the Bavarian countryside. The huge floor to ceiling windows allows plenty of natural light to fill the lounge space. Guests can recline back on the wood crafted and leather bound furniture while enjoying the robust curvaceous fireplace. In addition, the terrace provides breathtaking views of the city and the mountains.
5. Juvet Landscape Hotel, Norway
Juvet Landscape Hotel is Europe’s first landscape hotel. Blending elements of Norwegian culture, history and contemporary architecture, the hotel is a product of traditional building ideas and craftsmanship.
Located in Burtigarden farm at Alstad in rural Norway, the hotel consists of nine rooms situated on separate sites. Seven of the rooms are landscape rooms, and are essentially “cubes” on stilts, with glass walls that provide stunning views of the valley and gorge. While the rooms feature dark interiors to avoid detracting from the scenery, the bathroom receives sunlight even in the heart of winter. Guests can also enjoy the on-site spa designed to mimic a cave with flowing water, as well as communal meals at the restored farmhouse.
Have you ever had a job where you arrive to work each day and had to force yourself to walk through the front doors? Chances are you have employees who feel the same way from time to time. It’s important to strive to make your workplace a place people want to work. When employees are engaged and feel like the company cares about their needs, the result is higher productivity rates and less employee turnover. Happy employees increase productivity. There are several things that those in leadership roles can do to make the workplace more enjoyable for employees.
Make the Workplace Feel Like a Home
While keeping the company image and safety in mind, allow employees to make their workspaces feel more like a home. Full-time employees spend most of their waking hours during the week at work. It is important that they feel at home while doing their jobs. Being comfortable increases mental focus, and the result is better productivity. Encourage employees to decorate their offices and cubicles with workplace appropriate artwork, trinkets from home, plants, candy dishes, and other items that personalize their space.
Implement Kaizen Events to Increase Productivity
A Kaizen Event is a 5-day program that is aimed at reducing time waste and increasing productivity in the workplace. These events are led by a facilitator. They provide employees with the opportunity to be part of the solution in developing workflow processes that are efficient. Kaizen is a Japanese word for “improvement” and involves a 5-step process:
- Sort: The first step of the Kaizen process is to get rid of the junk. Consider this the spring cleaning phase of the event. Your team cleans out closets, desks, storage rooms, and other areas of the workplace.
- Set in Order: This is the organization phase where your team will create a permanent home for all supplies and equipment so they will always know where to look for things they need in the future.
- Shine: Employees spend this day cleaning and sanitizing the workplace. A clean work environment enhances workplace morale almost instantly.
- Standardize: In this step, employees and their supervisors devise ways to standardize work processes with the goal of increasing productivity, reducing time waste, and creating more efficient practices.
- Sustain: While going about their day-to-day activities, employees will be encouraged to maintain the new work practices and organization techniques they learned during the event.
Kaizen events increase productivity and give employee morale a boost because employees get to be part of the solution and design workflow processes that work well for them.
Relaxing Community Areas
Workplace stress caused by overwhelming workloads, tight deadlines, chaotic schedules, and demanding bosses leads to employees becoming disengaged from the work they are doing. When employees are not engaged, productivity suffers. Provide employees with a place where they can relax and unwind. They should be able to recharge to go back to their desk ready to tackle the next challenge.
- Employee Lounge: Instead of setting up a few tables, chairs, a microwave, and a coffee pot in room and calling it an employee lunchroom, create a tranquil space for your employees to relax during their scheduled breaks. An employee lounge should include comfortable couches, a TV, reading materials, soothing artwork, and even some elements of nature like plants and flowers.
- Community Garden: If your workplace includes an outdoor area or courtyard, provide basic supplies so that employees can work in a community garden together. Gardening is effective at reducing stress as it encourages creativity, focusing on the moment, and learning about the natural elements of the world.
- Exercise Room: There is nothing like a good workout to make a person feel human again. An employee exercise room encourages health and well-being in the workplace. It also provides them with a place to blow off some steam after a hard day. Exercise rooms should include weight equipment, treadmills, a space for yoga, showers, and even exercise balls.
Employees are the heart and soul of any successful business. In order to increase productivity, they need to feel engaged and enjoy coming to work each day. Provide your employees with a better work environment and places they can alleviate stress. As a result, you will get to enjoy lower turnover rates and a better bottom line.
In recent years, large corporations are analyzing the benefits of employee wellness programs and onsite corporate clinics. According to a national workplace study by Mercer, 29 percent of companies with 5,000 or more employees offered an onsite clinic in 2014, a 24 percent increase in comparison to 2012 statistics. Data shows that many employers and organizations are investing substantial resources in employee health, the foremost of them being chiropractic care.
As explained by Larry Boress, Executive Director of the National Association of Worksite Health Centers (NAWHC),
“As employer-managed health care becomes more prevalent with onsite health and wellness centers, we are seeing a greater interest by employers in expanding the service line to include chiropractic care to address musculoskeletal conditions and reduce the use and cost of unnecessary opioids and surgeries.”
What is Chiropractic Care and How Popular is it?
Chiropractic care is a healthcare profession that centers around disorders of the musculoskeletal system and the nervous system, as well as addresses the effects of these disorders on a patient’s general health.
Recent statistics show that:
- There are more than 77,000 state licensed chiropractors across the United States. There are another 3,000 working in academic and management roles.
- Chiropractors treat more than 35 million Americans every year.
- Chiropractic care produced greater results than deep-tissue massage, yoga, pilates, prescription medication, and over-the-counter medication.
- With regards to preferred healthcare practitioner for lower back pain, patients ranked chiropractors above physical therapists, specialist physicians, family medicine physicians, and internal medicine physicians.
What Ailments does Chiropractic Care Treat?
- Neck pain
- Joint restrictions (subluxations)
- Lower back pain
- Leg pain (sciatica)
- Repetitive strains
- Sports injuries
- Car accident injuries
- Arthritic pain
- Post-surgery rehabilitation
What Kind of Treatments does Chiropractic Care Offer Your Employees?
Doctors of Chiropractic (DCs) use a broad range of diagnostic skills, such as therapeutic and rehabilitative exercise assessment, nutritional and dietary counseling, as well as patient lifestyle analysis. Treatments include heat and cold therapies, massage, electrical muscle stimulation, trigger point therapy, and ultrasound. Adjustment techniques are the primary form of treatment performed by a chiropractor. While doing an adjustment, a chiropractor swiftly applies pressure with the hand to reduce subluxation and restore movement. As gases are released from the joint, they make a painless “pop” sound. Patients feel relief from pain unless their surrounding muscles are in spasm, in which case alternative treatments such as assisted stretching and massage are administered before giving an adjustment.
How do You and Your Employees Benefit from Chiropractic Care?
Onsite corporate clinics are continuously evolving to address the needs of employees. There are several benefits to offering chiropractic services for staff and workers.
1. Financial Benefits: According to the American Productivity Audit, severe headache, migraine, neck and lower back pain cause worker productivity loss by 4.6 hours a week, according to American Productivity Audit. Increasing number of research studies highlight the validity of chiropractic services and their drug-free approach to pain relief. Reports by the Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics reveal that an integrated approach to healthcare that included chiropractic care reduced pharmaceutical costs by 51.8 percent and hospital admissions by 43 percent.
2. Clinical Benefits: For example, chiropractic care has been shown to have positive effects on pregnant women. During pregnancy, a woman’s body undergoes various physiological and endocrinological changes. A protruding abdomen, increased back curve, pelvic changes and postural adaptations can result in misaligned joints or spine. For example, an intrauterine constraint occurs when the pelvis is misaligned. This reduces the amount of space for the developing fetus. This also creates difficulties during a non-invasive delivery. Chiropractic care helps maintain a healthy pregnancy for your female employees by easing nausea, relieving back and neck pain, reducing the time of labor and delivery, as well as preventing a potential cesarean delivery.
3. Patient Satisfaction: In a study conducted by NIH’s National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 272 participants suffering from mechanical neck pain were divided into three groups. Group 1 received spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) from a doctor of chiropractic. Alternatively, Group 2 took over- the- counter pain medications. Group 3 performed recommended exercises. After 12 weeks, 57 percent of group 1 and 48 percent of group 2 reported a 75 percent reduction in pain, as compared to 33 percent in Group 3.